Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) with methadone, buprenorphine, or naloxone, has been proven to help patients recover from opioid addiction.
These medications are:
- Reduce the risk of overdose
- Increase treatment retention
- Improve social functioning
- Reduce the risks of infectious disease transmission
- Reduce criminal activity
When researchers studied heroin-overdose deaths in Baltimore between 1995 and 2009, they found an association between increasing availability of MAT (methadone and buprenorphine) and an approximately 50% decrease in the number of fatal heroin overdoses.
 Schwartz RP, Gryczynski J, O’Grady KE, et al. Opioid agonist treatments and heroin overdose deaths in Baltimore, Maryland, 1995-2009. Am J Public Health 2013;103:917- 22.